Q. Do I need a Temporary Resident Visa?
If your country is not listed below or if any of the following does not
apply to you, you require a visa to visit Canada. These include:
- citizens of Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, Austria, Bahamas,
Barbados, Belgium, Botswana, Brunei, Cyprus, Denmark, Finland, France,
Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Israel (National Passport holders
only), Italy, Japan, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, Mexico, Monaco,
Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Papua New Guinea, Portugal,
Republic of Korea, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, San
Marino, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Spain, Swaziland, Sweden, Slovenia,
Switzerland, United States, and Western Samoa;
- persons lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent residence
who are in possession of their alien registration card (Green card)
or can provide other evidence of permanent residence.
- British citizens and British Overseas Citizens who are re-admissible
to the United Kingdom;
- citizens of British dependent territories who derive their citizenship
through birth, descent, registration or naturalization in one of the
British dependent territories of Anguilla, Bermuda, British Virgin
Islands, Cayman Islands, Falkland Islands, Gibraltar, Montserrat,
Pitcairn, St. Helena or the Turks and Caicos Islands;
- persons holding a valid and subsisting Special Administrative Region
passport issued by the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative
Region of the People’s Republic of China;
- persons holding passports or travel documents issued by the Holy
Q. Do I need to complete medical examinations
and Police checks or certificate of good conduct before coming to Canada?
If you are from a country with high health risks; or if you will be studying
or working in a place where protection of public health is essential A
Visa Officer will advise you if you need to take a medical examination,
and will provide you with instructions on how to proceed. If you need
a medical examination, processing your application could take at least
three extra months. A Visa Officer may request a police certificate to
prove to Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) Officers that you are
a responsible person and that you do not have a criminal record. These
checks may be done on anyone over 18 years of age
Q. What is a Temporary Resident Visa?
A Temporary Resident Visa is an official document issued by a visa office
abroad. It is placed in your passport to show that you have met the requirements
for admission to Canada as a temporary resident.
Q. Do I need acceptance letter before applying
for student visa?
Student visa cannot be issued until the institution confirms your admission
in acceptable format.
Q Can I use a conditional acceptance letter to
apply for temporary resident visa (student)?
Generally student visa are not issued based on conditional acceptance.
There may however be some exception especially if it is part of the program
Q Do I need a study permit?
Most foreign students will need a Study Permit to study in Canada. There
are some exceptions:
- If you wish to study in a short-term course or program:
You do not need a Study Permit if you are planning to take a course
or program in Canada with a duration of six months or less. You must
complete the course or program within the period authorized for your
stay in Canada.
- If you are a minor child already in Canada:
You do not need a Study Permit if you are a minor child already in
Canada, and your parents are not “visitors” in Canada.
- Foreign representatives to Canada:
If you are a family or staff member of a foreign representative to
Canada accredited by the Department of Foreign Affairs and International
Trade, you do not need a Study Permit to study.
Q. Why should I get a Study Permit?
There are benefits to having a Study Permit, even if you do not require
one. If you have a valid Study Permit, you can:
- work part-time on campus at the college or university at which
you are registered as a full-time student; and
- apply to renew your Study Permit from within Canada, if you decide
to continue studying in Canada.
Q. When should I apply for my Study Permit?
You should apply as soon as you receive your letter of acceptance from
the educational institution. The time needed to process an application
to study in Canada may vary at different visa offices.
Q. How do I apply for a Temporary Resident Visa as a student?
If you need a Temporary Resident Visa in addition to your Study Permit,
you do not have to make a separate application or pay a separate fee.
An officer will issue it at the same time as the documentation that you
will need to enter Canada as a student.
Q. Can I work in Canada without a permit?
In almost all cases you must have a valid work permit to work in Canada.
In special situations, you may be able to work temporarily in Canada without
holding a work permit issued by Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC).
You do not require a work permit if you are.
Business Visitors, Foreign Representatives; Family Members of Foreign
Representatives; Military Personnel; Foreign Government Officers; On-Campus
Employment; Performing Artists; Athletes and Coaches; News Reporters;
Public Speakers; Convention Organizers; Clergy; Judges and Referees; Examiners
and Evaluators; Expert Witnesses or Investigators; Health Care Students;
Civil Aviation Inspector; Accident or Incident Inspector; Crew Members;
Emergency Service Providers.
Q. On what condition can some business visitors work in Canada?
Business visitors may work in Canada without a work permit. They enter
Canada for international business activities, without entering the Canadian
labour market. Business visitors may represent a foreign business or government,
and are remunerated outside Canada. Their principal place of business
is outside Canada. The business visitor category includes certain persons
entering under the provisions outlined in certain free trade agreements,
such as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), the Canada-Chile
Free Trade Agreement (CCFTA) and the General Agreement on Trade in Services
Q. What are the temporary worker provisions of free trade agreements?
North American Free Trade Agreement
Under Chapter 16 of the NAFTA, citizens of Canada, the United States and
Mexico can gain quicker, easier temporary entry into the three countries
to conduct business-related activities or investments. All businesspersons
covered by the NAFTA are exempt from the need to obtain approval from
HRDC. This means that Canadian employers do not need to have a job offer
approved by HRDC to employ a U.S. or Mexican businessperson. General provisions
on temporary entry also apply to citizens of the three countries.
The NAFTA applies to four specific categories of businesspersons: business
visitors, professionals, intra-company transferees, and traders and investors.
A business visitor:
- must be entering Canada to take part in an activity listed in Appendix
1603.A.1 of Chapter 16 of the NAFTA (these activities include technical
or scientific research, attendance at a convention or trade fair,
sales of products or services--but not delivery at the time--and after-sales
- cannot be seeking to join the domestic labour market--in other words,
the principal source of remuneration remains outside Canada; and
- does not need a work permit.
- must be qualified to work in one of the more than 60 professions
listed in Appendix 1603.D.1 of Chapter 16 of the NAFTA (for example,
accountants, computer systems analysts, engineers, management consultants
and technical writers); and
- needs a work permit.
An intra-company transferee:
- must have worked for at least one year in the preceding three-year
period for the U.S. or Mexican employer who wishes to effect the transfer;
- must be transferred to Canada to work temporarily for the same
or an affiliated employer;
- works only at the executive or managerial level, or has specialized
- needs a work permit.
A trader or investor:
- is a businessperson carrying on substantial trade in goods or services
principally between Canada and his or her country of citizenship,
or is a businessperson conducting substantial investment activities
in Canada, in a supervisory or executive capacity, or in a capacity
that involves essential skills;
- meets additional requirements under the NAFTA; and
- needs a work permit.
Canada-Chile Free Trade Agreement
The CCFTA is modelled on the NAFTA and makes it easier for Canadian and
Chilean citizens to temporarily enter the other country. The rules and
requirements are similar to those under the NAFTA and cover the four categories
of business persons: business visitors, professionals, intra-company
transferees, and traders and investors.
General Agreement on Trade in Services
Under the GATS, Canada has committed to facilitate market access for certain
businesspersons who are foreign service providers in specified sectors.
The commitments apply to service providers from more than 140 World Trade
Organization member countries. Three categories of businesspersons are
covered: business visitors, professionals and intra-company transferees.
Qualifying businesspersons find it easier to enter Canada because they
do not need to obtain HRDC confirmation or, in the case of a business
visitor, a work permit.
Who is visitor?
Anyone who is not a Canadian citizen or permanent resident and he/she
is lawfully admitted to Canada for a temporary purpose
Do I need a visa to be a visitor in Canada?
Certain countries require visa to come to Canada while other do not?
How long can a visitor stay in Canada?
Your length of stay depends on you purpose of coming to Canada and the
time you are authorized to stay in Canada.
Who is eligible to sponsor family member?
Any Canadian citizen or permanent resident may be qualify to sponsor family
member within or outside Canada
How long I am financially responsible for my relatives?
After your sponsored family members or relatives become permanent resident,
you must support them Spouse (3yrs), children under 22 (10 yrs or until
the age of 25), dependent children 22 or over (3years); other relatives
Who are economic immigrants?
These are immigrants selected for skills or other assets that will contribute
to the Canadian Economy.
How can I immigrate to Canada as a worker?
Applicants in economic classes are assessed using selection criteria for
What constitute economic classes?
These classes include skilled workers, provincial and territorial nominees,
investors, entrepreneurs and self employed persons?
What is “point” system?
Skilled workers are assessed against a selection system based on specific
factors, for which points are assigned.
Who can I include in my application for an Immigrant Visa?
Your spouse and any dependent children may be included in the application.
Children must be under the age of 21 years. If they are 22 and older,
they must not have had an interruption of more than 12 months in their
schooling. Your accompanying dependents will be subject to medical and
security clearance requirements. Other family members, such as your parents,
generally cannot be included in the application but you may be able to
sponsor them as part of the family class after you land in Canada.
Who must attend an interview?
Interviews for the principal applicant and his/her adult dependants may
be required; however, they can be waived. If the applicant either shows
that they have sufficient units to pass, or insufficient units with no
chance of accumulating more in an interview, they are not likely to be
interviewed. The interview is used to verify the information provided
in the application, to assess the applicants' command of English/French
languages, and to determine the personal suitability of applicants to
successfully settle in Canada.
Is there any advantage to having relatives in
Yes, having relatives in Canada can improve your potential for meeting
the minimum criteria for immigration. Only close family are acceptable.
Your relative can be your or your spouse's brother, sister, mother, father,
grandparent, aunt, uncle, niece or nephew. An established relative is
seen to facilitate your adaptability into Canadian society.
Are there any other fees associated with the immigration process
outside of your consultation fees?
Yes, as stated above, there is a filing fee in the amount of CAD$550.00
for the principal applicant and each dependent aged 22 and above, and
CAD$150.00 for dependents under the age of 22.
Unlike your Right of Permanent Residence Fee, this ( Cost of Recovery
Fee or Processing Fee as detailed above) is NOT refundable
in the event that your application is not accepted, as it goes to the
There is also a Right of Landing fee (which is paid at the end of the
application) in the amount of CAD$490.00 which applies to you and each
dependent 22 years of age and above. This fee is refundable in the event
that you are not able to land in Canada for any reason.
Am I required to have a certain amount of assets?
The Government of Canada does not provide financial support to new skilled
You must show that you have enough money to support yourself and your
dependants after you arrive in Canada. You cannot borrow this money from
another person. You must be able to use this money to support your family.
You will need to provide proof of your funds when you submit your application
The amount of money that you need to have to support your family is determined
by the size of your family. You do not have to show that you have these
funds if you have arranged employment in Canada.
How Much Money Should I bring into Canada when I land?
Find out how much it costs to live where you are planning to settle in
- Bring as much money as possible to make moving and finding a home
in Canada easier.
- You will not be taxed if you bring your money when you come in right
- Talk to a good Tax Consultant who will guide you accordingly.
Disclosure of funds:
If you are carrying more than CDN $10,000, tell a Canadian official when
you arrive in Canada. If you do not tell an official you may be
fined or put in prison. These funds could be in the form of:
- securities in bearer form (for example: stocks, bonds, debentures,
treasury bills); or
- negotiable instruments in bearer form (for example: bankers' drafts,
cheques, travelers' cheques, money orders.)
What is the Right of Landing Fee or Right of
Permanent Residence Fee?
The Right of Landing Fee (ROLF) or RPRF is paid for the right to obtain
permanent resident status in Canada. The fee is partial compensation for
the many benefits and privileges that permanent resident status confers.
Every person aged 22 and over who applies for permanent resident status,
whether at a post abroad or in Canada, must pay the fee. Every person
who applies to sponsor a family member aged 22 or over must also pay the
Right of Landing Fee on behalf of that dependent family member. The Immigrant
Loans Program allows persons in genuine need of assistance, who can demonstrate
an ability to repay, to obtain a loan to pay the Right of Landing Fee.
The applicant normally pays the RORF along with the application processing
fee at the time of application, but may have the option of deferring payment
of the RORF to any other time during the process. The amount of the Right
of Landing Fee is $490 per adult aged 22 or over. The fee is refundable
if permanent residence status is not granted.
Are there any other fees or costs?
The application process may include other costs such as those related
to medical examinations and police clearances; translating documents into
French or English; and business and real estate valuations in certain
Will my dependents and I be required to undergo a medical examination?
Yes, you and any dependent will be required to undergo a medical examination
by a physician designated by the Canadian Government.
Can I use my own doctor to do the medical examination?
No. The examination must be done by an approved doctor on Canada’s
list of Designated Medical Physicians
Will my application benefit if I have a close relative in Canada?
Skilled Worker applicants will be awarded bonus points if the close relative
is a Canadian citizen or permanent resident and over the age of 19 years.
The applicant is then referred to as an "assisted relative".
To qualify as a close relative, the Canadian citizen or permanent resident
must be the applicant's uncle, aunt, brother, sister, parent, nephew or
In what language must my supporting documentation be submitted?
All supporting documentation in a language other than English or French
must be accompanied by an English or French translation, as translated
by a certified translator. There are no exceptions except in one or possibly
How long does the immigration process take?
The average processing time of all world-wide visa offices is approximately
16-24 months or more for applications where a selection interview is required.
Since each case is unique and based on the circumstances of the case,
and the office at which the application is submitted, processing time
may be as short as 9 months or as long as 40 months or more.
What is a lock in date?
A lock-in date is the date on which a visa office receives a completed
application form, with full payment of the processing fees.
The Canadian Courts have deemed the lock-in date to be the date on which
factors such as age must be assessed. Thus, no points will be lost if
the applicant's age changes during the processing of the application.
AND CRIMINAL RECORD |
Tell me more about the Medical Examination Procedure
Sure, you must pass a medical examination before coming to Canada. Your
dependants must also pass a medical examination even if they are not coming
Applications for permanent residence will not be accepted if that person's
- is a danger to public health or safety; or
- would cause excessive demand on health or social services in Canada.
Medical Examination Instructions
Instructions on how to take the medical examination will normally be sent
to you after you submit your application to the Visa Office.
You can only use your examination results in your application for 12 months
from when you had the examination. If you are not admitted to Canada as
a permanent resident within this time, you will be required to undergo
Your own doctor cannot do the medical examination. You must see a physician
on Canada's list of Designated Medical Practitioners
Medical Report Procedures
Medical reports and x-rays for the medical examination become the property
of the Canadian Immigration Medical Authorities and cannot be returned
The doctor will not tell you the results of the medical examination. The
doctor will let you know if you have a health-related problem.
The DMP does not make the final decision. Citizenship and Immigration
Canada will make the final decision on whether or not your medical examination
has been passed for immigration purposes.
Do I have to submit a police clearance?
Yes. You must submit a police clearance for you and your dependants from
every country where you have resided for more than six months in the last
What medical conditions require surveillance?
Applicants will be placed under medical surveillance if the results of
their immigration medical examination for entry to Canada show that they
- inactive tuberculosis (TB); or
- evidence of a previous syphilis infection that has been treated
prior to entering Canada.
Why is medical surveillance necessary?
Medical surveillance helps people with certain conditions maintain their
own health, and protects their family members and people in Canada.
How is medical surveillance carried out?
- People who require medical surveillance will receive a Medical
Surveillance Undertaking form (IMM 0535) and a Medical Surveillance
Handout that provides instructions and telephone numbers for contacting
public health authorities. They must report to a public health authority
within 30 days of entering Canada.
- If they are already living in Canada, people who require medical
surveillance are required to report to a public health authority within
30 days of receiving the medical surveillance handout.
- Upon entry to Canada, Port of Entry staff will send copies of any
IMM 0535 forms to the Medical Surveillance Unit (MSU) so that provincial
and territorial health authorities are made aware of the arrival of
individuals requiring medical surveillance.
There are specialized clinics in Canada for treating people who are
HIV positive. All HIV positive migrants granted entry to Canada will
receive a Health Follow-up Handout: HIV Infection to assist them in
obtaining medical care in Canada.
What are the five criteria on which the medical
officer would base his assessment of admissibility?
The medical officer has five criteria on which to base his assessment
This medical profile consists of a coded series of letters and numbers
based on the two principal criteria and the three supporting criteria
The five criteria are:
H - Risk to Public Safety or Public Health
D - Expected Demand on Health or Social Services
T - Response to Medical Treatment
S - Surveillance
E - Potential Employability or Productivity
Under each criterion is a list of descriptive categories.
Taken as a whole, the ratings assigned under each criterion form the basis
for a legally binding medical opinion regarding admissibility. This opinion
is expressed by the symbol "M" at the end of the profile and
represents the combined significance of the five criteria. It is indicated
M - Statement of Medical Status
Ml No health impairment sufficient to prevent admission
M2 Has a condition for which the degree of risk to
public health or safety is not sufficient to exclude admission, but which
risk should be considered in relation to other personal and social criteria.
M3 Has a condition for which the potential demand
on health or social services is not sufficient to exclude admission, but
which risk should be considered in relation to other personal and social
M4 Has a condition which is likely to endanger public
health or safety to such an extent that the applicant is at present inadmissible,
but for which the expected response to treatment is such that future admission
could be considered.
M5 Has a condition which is likely to cause demand
on health or social services to such an extent that the applicant is not
at present admissible, but for which the expected response to treatment
is such that future admission could be considered.
M6 Has a condition which is a danger to public health
or safety and which is not likely to respond to treatment in such a way
as to allow admission in the foreseeable future.
M7 Has a condition which could cause excessive demand
on health or social services, and which is not likely to respond to treatment.
Please note that medical assessment is done on a case by case basis, taking
all aspects of an applicant's condition into account. These references
should be taken only as general guidelines, not as absolutely applicable
in all cases. The Visa Office will tell you in writing if there is a problem
with your medical examination.
What is a claim for refuge protection in Canada?
A person who has arrived in Canada seeking protection may make a claim
for refuge protection, upon arrival in Canada.
Who decides that a person is a refuge or protected person?
Members of Refugee protection division of the immigration and refugee
board (IRB) determine whether a person is a convention refugee or in need
What happens when a person is accepted as refugee?
Once a RPD accepts a claim, the person applies for permanent residence
within 180 days.
What is a Pre-Removal Risk Assessment (PRRA)?
If claimants receive negative decision from RPD, yet they feel they would
be at risk if they returned to their country of origin, they may apply
for a risk assessment before removal from Canada.
What rights do refugee protections claimants have?
They can work, study and benefit from the interim federal health program
Is immigration representation a regulated profession
Immigration consultancy is a regulated profession in Canada.
Who can be immigration consultant?
Immigration consultant must be a Canadian citizen and permanent resident.
Do I need Immigration consultant to file my case?
You are not obliged to hire a representative for immigration and refugee
matters. However hiring a consultant will ensure your documents are properly
prepared in accordance with applicable immigration law. Hiring a consultant
will cost you money but it saves time, gives you peace of mind, you will
be able to submit an error-free application and avoid delays and possible
rejection. A well organized application package prepared by an immigration
consultant may help you avoid an unnecessary interview. You will benefit
from the wealth of experience, training and knowledge of certified immigration
Is Olukayode (Kay) Adebogun a certified immigration consultant?
Yes, Olukayode Adebogun is a member in good standing of the Canadian Society
of Immigration Consultants. He has the experience, training and expertise
to represent you.
How do I know if my immigration consultant is certified to practice
Visit the Canadian Society of Immigration Consultants (www.csic-scci.ca)
website to verify the identity of your immigration consultants.
Any paid immigration consultant not listed on any of these sites cannot represent
you in any immigration cases in Canada and abroad? [Site